Supporting climate-resilient development in South Asia
A new, multi-year development initiative is helping strengthen climate resilience across South Asia. Projects delivered as part of DFID’s Climate Proofing Growth and Development (CPGD) programme will help protect some of the most vulnerable people in the world from the impacts of a rapidly changing climate.
Currently in its inception phase, the five-year policy reform programme will provide crucial technical assistance and capacity building support at national and sub-national levels within five countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan. By better integrating climate risk into policy-making and planning processes within each of these countries, CPGD will help lay the foundations for climate-resilient, low carbon growth and development across the region as a whole.
South Asia is especially vulnerable to the impacts of climate change: according to IPCC estimates, the region can expect to experience greater temperature variations, rising sea levels and more frequent and severe extreme weather events by 2050. It is also home to the largest number of poor people in the world – over 420 million people in the region live on less than $1.25 a day, making them amongst the least equipped to cope with the impacts of climate change.
Governments across the region are recognising the need to shift away from traditional carbon-intensive models of growth and development towards policies that mainstream social and environmental issues. OPM is managing the implementation of the CPGD programme, providing support across the policy cycle from designing innovative budgetary and planning instruments and building the capacity of national and regional stakeholders to monitoring and evaluating the performance of different initiatives.
The team has established a ‘Regional Hub’ resource that will provide rapid, on-demand specialist expertise and knowledge management services to a network of implementing partners on the ground within the different countries. Early work will focus around building a robust evidence-base to support informed decision-making in each country. OPM will use cutting-edge public expenditure assessment tools to establish the extent to which climate change is already integrated into budgets and plans and to identify areas for improvement.
Based on these assessments, the team will develop innovative policy instruments aimed at driving low carbon growth and leveraging climate finance, as well as supporting the roll-out and scale-up of innovative technical solutions tailored to the specific needs of each country. Knowledge-sharing will be a key focus over the lifetime of the programme with widespread dissemination and lesson-learning supporting the uptake of sustainable growth policies across the region. Over the longer-term, as these policies translate into action on the ground, livelihoods will be strengthened and those most at risk will become better equipped to deal with the impacts of climate-related shocks.