Impacts of Brazilian mining
Large-scale mining in Brazil has had a substantial positive impact on the socio-economic welfare of local municipalities, including boosting household income and helping to reduce illiteracy, according to a new report from International Council on Mining and Metals (ICMM).
The report, which is based on a study by OPM using the ICMM Mining: Partnerships for Development Toolkit, assesses the economic and social impacts of mining in Brazil at both national and local levels, using Southeast Pará State as a case study.
Key findings in the report, The mining sector in Brazil: building institutions for sustainable development, include:
- Mining municipalities in Southeast Pará have enjoyed greater improvements in socio-economic indicators over the period of 2000-2010 than non-mining municipalities;
- Mining companies are engaging with the institutional, economic and social challenges facing host municipalities through a variety of innovative partnerships, working with public and civil society agents to address issues such as in-migration and city planning;
- Several challenges remain, including in revenue management where mineral royalties are concentrated in the municipalities with mining operations, and not shared with neighbouring areas that may be indirectly impacted;
- There are opportunities to enhance regional development in areas impacted by mining by building on successful multi-tiered governance initiatives, such as the Green Municipalities programme to combat deforestation.
In addition to the Brazil study, OPM has worked with the ICMM’s Mining: Partnerships for Development (MPD) on case studies of other countries including Peru, Chile, Ghana, Tanzania and Lao PDR has also implemented the MPD Toolkit in a further four countries (Guinea, DRC, Romania and Ecuador).