Supporting smallholder farmers: evaluating the outcome of the WFP Purchase for Progress Pilot Initiative
This project is providing evidence on the performance of the UN World Food Programme (WFP) ‘Purchase for Progress’ (P4P) Pilot Initiative. Despite their potential for driving growth and development, smallholder farmers face a number of significant barriers to productivity and market access. Launched in September 2008, the $161 million P4P Pilot Initiative aims to facilitate increased agricultural production and sustained market engagement whilst improving incomes and livelihoods for participating smallholder/low income farmers. We are conducting the final strategic evaluation of the pilot (which ran from 2008-2013), reporting on the results achieved and the extent to which lessons learnt can be used to inform WFP policy and programming. The team is implementing a mixed-method evaluation combining both quantitative and qualitative tools and a range of secondary and primary data collection methods including reviews, participative rural appraisal, on-line questionnaires and procurement process mapping exercises. Analysis of data is framed around the OECD DAC criteria of relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, impact and sustainability. Findings and recommendations will inform the future work of WFP.
The global food price hike of 2008 underscored the difficulties of meeting basic food security, nutrition and health goals for the world’s growing population. As a result, the role of small-scale, sustainable farming activities as a driver for wider socio-economic goals has re-emerged as a central theme on the development agenda with governments and donors alike making substantial political and financial commitments to advancing agriculture-led growth.
The World Food Programme (WFP) Purchase for Progress (P4P) Pilot Initiative aims to improve smallholder farm capacity and access to markets by identifying and sharing best practices and transforming WFP food purchasing programmes to better support sustainable small-scale agricultural production.
This project was established to provide an independent evaluation of the pilot stage of the P4P which ran from 2008-2013, to generate evidence of its performance and to inform the future work of WFP.
Our team of experts is implementing a mixed-method evaluation combining both quantitative and qualitative tools and a range of secondary and primary data collection. Stakeholder engagement is a key focus of the project with feedback from key actors being sought at all stages from design to implementation.
The team has conducted fieldwork in seven P4P countries, selected to give a representative sample of the 20 countries involved in the pilot initiative. An intensive global data and document review was complemented by evidence from on-line questionnaires, web statistics, financial analysis, field work and interviews with key stakeholders both within and outside WFP. Data analysis is being framed around the five OECD DAC criteria of relevance, impact, effectiveness, efficiency and sustainability.
Specific activities being undertaken by the team include:
- Designing an independent mixed-methods evaluation of the P4P Pilot Initiative- including identifying household, pilot and market-level performance indicators and developing primary and secondary data collection strategies
- Conducting primary and secondary data collection including data and documentation review, financial analysis and procurement process mapping exercises
- Undertaking field visits to seven participating countries (Ethiopia, Liberia, Guatemala, Burkina Faso, Tanzania, Malawi and Kenya)
- Undertaking qualitative and quantitative data analysis around the OECD DAC criteria of relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, impact and sustainability – including financial, operational and impact analysis Presenting findings and developing strategic recommendations for future WFP work
This project is providing evidence on the performance of the P4P Pilot Initiative against its stated objectives. By drawing out lessons learnt from the pilot period, the evaluation will help identify the approaches that worked best in various contexts. In turn, these results and learnings will be used to inform the future policy and programming of WFP in relation to procurement from smallholder farmers.