Publications

Title Author Date Type
Better budgets for primary health care services in Punjab OPM Briefing Note July 2017 978-1-902477-30-5 2042-0595

Basic health care in Punjab, Pakistan’s largest province with a population of 101 million, falls short of its citizens’ needs and international standards. In 2014, only 59% of deliveries were assisted by skilled midwives, while the under-five mortality rate stood
at 104 out of 1000 (nearly double the South Asian average of 55).
2
 Not surprisingly, satisfaction with public health care is low.Amendments to the Constitution in 2010 aimed to decentralise political power further in Pakistan. They transferred the responsibility for managing resources from the federal government to provincial
governments. Provincial governments are closer to the communities and, therefore, considered to be better placed to meet their service delivery needs. This decentralisation process opened up new opportunities for the reform of basic service delivery in the provinces. The Sub-National Governance (SNG) programme aims, among other things, to improve the planning and management of public finances in Punjab, and needs-based budgeting in the primary health care sector is a key component of the programme.

PDF icon OPM_Briefing Note_Budgets Punjab_web.pdf Florian Krätke, Stephanie Allan Strengthening sub-national governance in Pakistan Sub-National Governance Programme Public financial management Khurram Jilani Fiscal transparency in Pakistan: rapid improvement in two provinces OPM Briefing Note July 2017 978-1-902477-31-2 2042-0595

In Pakistan, public confidence in the state is undermined by poor service delivery and opaque governance arrangements. In 2014, Pakistan ranked 117 out of 168 countries in Transparency International’s Corruption Perception Index.

For the people of Pakistan, greater insight into the structure and functioning of government finances, as well as decisions on tax and spending, would enable them to better hold their elected representatives to account. Such accountability can result in better quality of
services, including health and education, at provincial and local levels. Budget transparency also acts as a powerful disincentive for corruption or financial mismanagement, and can foster greater trust in government. 

PDF icon OPM_Briefing Notes_Fiscal Transparency_web.pdf Stephanie Allan Strengthening sub-national governance in Pakistan Sub-National Governance Programme Public financial management Khurram Jilani; Mohammad Fayyaz Piloting service delivery innovations for education and health care in Pakistan OPM Briefing Note July 2017 978-1-902477-32-9 2042-0595

The provision of basic services in Pakistan has for a long time fallen short of acceptable international standards, with marginalised and vulnerable groups struggling to access basic health and education opportunities. As such, the country lags behind on a number of key social indicators: Pakistan ranks 23rd in the world for under-five deaths and, at 60%, has one of the world’s lowest literacy rates.

Oxford Policy Management (OPM) is implementing the DFID-funded Sub-National Governance (SNG) programme in Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) provinces of Pakistan. The SNG programme aims to support lasting improvements in the quality of, and access to, basic 
services in these two provinces (which have a combined population of over 125 million), by strengthening their governance and the management of public finances.

PDF icon OPM_Briefing Notes_Service Delivery_web.pdf Stephanie Allan Strengthening sub-national governance in Pakistan Sub-National Governance Programme Public financial management Mohammad Fayyaz; Usman Khan In Focus: Public Financial Management OPM In Focus June 2017

Strong public financial management (PFM) systems underpin inclusive state institutions that generate trust, promote innovation and enable societies to flourish. Capable, transparent and accountable institutions that use effective systems for managing public funds are more likely to deliver public services, promoting long-term poverty reduction and economic growth.

PDF icon In Focus: Public Financial Management David Hoole Public financial management HSNP phase 2 Evaluation status report – 20170406 Research June 2017 PDF icon HSNP phase 2 Evaluation status report – 20170406 Fred Merttens Evaluation of the Kenya Hunger Safety Net Programme (HSNP) Poverty, inequality & vulnerability, Public financial management, Research & Data Collection, Social protection Supporting public financial management in conflict-affected situations: Adapting to change in the Occupied Palestinian Territories OPM Working paper October 2016

This paper traces the introduction of public financial management (PFM) processes and systems in the Occupied Palestinian Territories since they came under the control of its current government, the Palestinian Authority (PA). A number of factors combined make for an extremely challenging context for external actors to catalyse change – these include: non-existent formal central government functions at the time the PA was established, major restrictions in the movement of goods and people, ill-designed donor budget support and a very asymmetric distribution of power between the PA and the Israeli government that favours the status quo.

PDF icon Supporting public financial management in conflict-affected situations Albert Pijuan Strengthening governance in the Occupied Palestinian Territories Public financial management HSNP phase 2: Impact Evaluation Qualitative Research Study - Round 1 - Summary Report Client report September 2016

This report presents the findings from the first round of qualitative research conducted as part of the mixed methods independent impact evaluation of the Kenya Hunger Safety Net Programme phase 2.

PDF icon HSNP phase 2 Impact Evaluation Qualitative Research Study - Round 1 - Summary Report Chris Hearle, Fred Merttens, Johanna Wallin, Ramlatu Attah, Sope Otulana Evaluation of the Kenya Hunger Safety Net Programme (HSNP) Poverty, inequality & vulnerability, Public financial management, Research & Data Collection, Social protection HSNP phase 2: Impact Evaluation Qualitative Research Study - Round 1 - Full Report Client report September 2016

This report presents the findings from the first round of qualitative research conducted as part of the mixed methods independent impact evaluation of the Kenya Hunger Safety Net Programme phase 2.

PDF icon HSNP phase 2 Impact Evaluation Qualitative Research Study - Round 1 - Full Report Chris Hearle, Fred Merttens, Johanna Wallin, Ramlatu Attah, Sope Otulana Evaluation of the Kenya Hunger Safety Net Programme (HSNP) Poverty, inequality & vulnerability, Public financial management, Research & Data Collection, Social protection The ACT on Knowledge leaflet series Research August 2016

The ACT on Knowledge leaflet series focuses on key emerging issues related to climate change and how they affect South Asia. Each of 10 leaflets synthesizes existing knowledge on a topic and aims to stimulate discussion. Suggestions for further reading are provided at the end.

PDF icon National disaster risk financing, PDF icon Reducing poverty and combating climate change, PDF icon Climate-smart agriculture and the need to scale up, PDF icon Disaster microinsurance, PDF icon Tackling climate change and air pollution together, PDF icon Urban climate resilience: getting it right, PDF icon Can pricing water for agriculture help South Asia to adapt to climate change?, PDF icon Prioritising climate change adaptation actions, PDF icon Climate finance readiness: domestic governance, PDF icon Climate finance readiness: accessing international funds Elizabeth Gogoi, Marcela Tarazona Action on Climate Today / Climate-Proofing Growth and Development in South Asia The ACT on Knowledge leaflet series Adaptation and resilience, Mitigation and low carbon growth, Disaster risk management, Public financial management Working Paper 3: Shock-Responsive Social Protection in the Sahel: Community Perspectives Research July 2016

This working paper provides an analytical contribution to our overall study on the actual and potential use of social protection systems to respond to environmental, social and political crises in the Sahel region of West Africa. Populations in the Sahel have long established informal mechanisms for providing support to needy households, showing solidarity based on kinship, faith or community. Many have also adapted their livelihood strategies to accommodate extremes of drought and resource limitations, notably through pastoralism. This paper asks how well these mechanisms may withstand the increasing intensity and frequency of climate shocks, and considers how their existence affects the likely effectiveness of formal humanitarian aid interventions and national social protection programmes in the Sahel. The working paper is a preparatory document for a broader case study on the Sahel, due for publication in late 2016.

PDF icon Working Paper 3: Shock-Responsive Social Protection in the Sahel: Community Perspectives, PDF icon Document de travail 3. Protection sociale réactive aux crises dans le Sahel: Perspectives communautaires Shock-responsive social protection systems Poverty, inequality & vulnerability, Public financial management, Social protection Carol Watson Flexible adaptive politically-led reform in the Occupied Palestinian Territories OPM Briefing Note February 2016 978-1-902477-26-8 2042-0595

A growing body of literature and evidence demonstrates that conventional aid interventions focused on technical issues and capacity building alone are not sufficient to deliver developmental impact. In view of the growing interest in ‘doing development differently’ and ‘thinking and working politically’ to deliver more effective development assistance, there is a need for operational models that illustrate what this can mean in practice. This note describes a problem-driven iterative adaptation (PDIA) approach to donor-supported health efficiency reform in the challenging context of the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPTs). Focusing on the management of external medical referrals, which emerged as a political problem, the note highlights how a flexible logframe allowed a series of small, gradual interventions to be introduced, in sharp contrast to the traditional pre-planned ‘projectised’ approach that has been the standard in the development industry to date.

PDF icon Flexible, adaptive, politically-led reform in the OPTs Albert Pijuan Strengthening governance in the Occupied Palestinian Territories Macroeconomics, Public financial management, Regional development Dan Whitaker Working Paper 2: Document de travail. Étude de cas du Mali OPM Working paper January 2016

Dans le cadre du recherche sur les systèmes de protection sociale réactive aux crises, le présent document vise à fournir un état des lieux des connaissances et des questionnements sur ces questions dans le contexte spécifique du Mali. Il a été écrit sur la base d’une revue documentaire couplée à des échanges menés avec différentes  parties prenantes par email et Skype et/ou en personne à l’occasion de la Conférence nationale sur la protection sociale qui s’est tenue à Bamako les 19 et 20 octobre 2015. Ce travail marque le point de départ de l’étude de cas du Mali. Il entend fournir aux chercheurs un document préparatoire à leur première mission de terrain et, d’une manière plus large, offrir une première base pour la rédaction d’un document de référence et d’orientation pour les parties prenantes travaillant au (ou pour le) Mali autour de ces questions en clarifiant le cadre conceptuel de la recherche.
 

PDF icon Working Paper 2: Document de travail. Etude de cas du Mali Clare O'Brien Shock-responsive social protection systems Poverty, inequality & vulnerability, Public financial management, Social protection Cécile Cherrier Working Paper 1: Conceptualising Shock-Responsive Social Protection Client report October 2015

This is the first in a series of papers from the ongoing research. Together, the set of papers will develop theoretical perspectives about the interface between social protection, humanitarian assistance and disaster risk management (DRM), review the latest literature and generate insights from new case studies across sub-Saharan Africa and Asia.

PDF icon Working Paper 1: Conceptualising Shock-Responsive Social Protection Clare O'Brien Shock-responsive social protection systems Poverty, inequality & vulnerability, Public financial management, Social protection MTBF in Pakistan: Reform against the odds OPM Briefing Note July 2014 978-1-902477-17-6 2042-0595

It is now recognised that institutional incentives are critical to the successful reform of public financial management (PFM) systems. However, there is relatively little guidance on how to identify and manage these issues. The Medium Term Budgetary Framework (MTBF) reform programme in Pakistan provides a good example of how political and organisational factors play a critical role in shaping the pace and success of PFM reforms. This note uses current thinking on PFM reform to understand the factors that led to a successful outcome for the Pakistan MTBF, against the odds.

PDF icon MTBF in Pakistan: Reform against the odds David Hoole Pakistan: Moving to a Medium Term Budgetary Framework (MTBF) Public financial management Rising to the challenge: Optimising value for money from challenge funds OPM Briefing Note September 2013 978-1-902477-13-8 2042-0595

This OPM Briefing Note provides two new tools for maximising the value for money (VfM) of Challenge Funds. 

PDF icon Rising to the challenge David Hoole, Richard Williams, Robert Smith Financial sector development, Private sector development, Public financial management Forest Sector Public Expenditure Reviews (Toolkit) Research July 2011

This guidance note provides recommendations for conducting forestry sector Public Expenditure Reviews (PERs) based on an analysis of global best practice. 

John Channon, Stephen Akroyd Forest Sector Public Expenditure Reviews (Toolkit) Adaptation and resilience, Mitigation and low carbon growth, Disaster risk management, Public financial management Patrick Abbot Cash Budgeting - Sub Saharan Experience and Lessons for Zimbabwe OPM Briefing Note February 2010

Zimbabwe is emerging from a period of macroeconomic instability, and has adopted cash budgeting to manage prevailing revenue uncertainty. This briefing note examines the experience with cash budgeting in three sub-Saharan African countries: Malawi, Uganda and Zambia. It considers what lessons might guide Zimbabwe in developing its cash budgeting systems, avoiding the difficulties others have experienced, and ensuring that future macroeconomic stability is not dependent on the continuation of this emergency measure.

PDF icon Cash Budgeting - Sub Saharan Experience and Lessons for Zimbabwe Tim Cammack Macroeconomics, Public financial management

Publications

OPM Briefing Note
July 2017
OPM Briefing Note
July 2017
OPM Briefing Note
July 2017
OPM In Focus
June 2017
Research
June 2017
OPM Working paper
October 2016
Client report
September 2016
Client report
September 2016
Research
August 2016
Research
July 2016
OPM Briefing Note
February 2016
OPM Working paper
January 2016
Client report
October 2015
OPM Briefing Note
July 2014
OPM Briefing Note
September 2013
Research
July 2011
OPM Briefing Note
February 2010